Programme for wastepickers – Parisar Vikas

parisalVikasThe Parisar Vikas programme was launched in the year 1998 by the Stree Mukti Sanghatana with the cooperation of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). The programme aims to address the problems of waste management and of self-employed women engaged in the ‘menial’ tasks of collecting waste.

SMS Concerns about waste pickers

  • Waste picking is a caste and gender-based activity of urban poor
  • Majority of waste pickers come from female-headed families and continue to be socially marginalized
  • migrants, anonymous, without any identity in the city
  • work in unhygienic conditions with irregular income
  • exploited by the vested interests
  • no bargaining Power
  • no access to health facilities or microcredit

Our Concerns about waste

  • All resources get blocked – no reuse or recycling
  • Huge expenditure on transportation
  • Emissions due to transportation
  • Dumping ground – air emissions, leachates polluting water table and needs huge space

Contribution of waste pickers to the city

  • Reduction in Waste Handling
  • Reduction in transport costs
  • Supply of raw material to Recycling factories
  • Saving space at Dumping Ground
  • Resource recovery in form of valuable compost
  • Conservation of environment

Our vision for solid waste management and climate change

  • Decentralised and thus saving vehicular emissions and transportation costs
  • Low Cost
  • Energy Efficient
  • Labour Friendly and generates employment
  • High resource recovery
  • Environmentally sound
  • Sustainable

SMS Strategies

  • Organizing and training women rag pickers and issuing identity cards to them
  • Helping them form waste cooperatives
  • Helping them establish self-help or micro-credit groups
  • Helping them get the right price for the dry (recyclable) waste collected
  • Imparting training to the women rag pickers in alternative skills such as gardening, vermiculture, Biomethanation etc.
  • Promoting health awareness and education programmes
  • Providing family counselling to distressed women
  • Conducting awareness programs in schools and colleges to promote recycling
  • Motivating and Helping citizens Institutions and Corporates to adopt Zero waste concept

Zero Waste

‘Zero Waste’ means… Waste generated in your house is manageable waste. Do not send it to the dumping grounds. Segregate it at source into dry and wet waste. The wet waste goes to a manure pit near your locality. You can reuse it. The dry waste goes back to the manufacturer for recycling. What remains for the dumping ground is zilch!

Segregation At Source

Dry Waste (recyclable) Wet Waste (bio-degradable)
Plastic Vegetable waste
Metal Food waste
Thermocol, foam Garden was
Glass Coconut shells
Rexine Wood pieces
Battery cells Nails, hair
Paper Eggshells, bones and flesh
Cloth Used cotton, paper, etc
Bulb, tubes etc.
Rubber

 

To help you work towards a ‘Zero Waste’ situation, Parisar Vikas has trained women rag pickers who are called Trained ParisarBhaginis (TPBs). They are trained in waste handling, waste collection, transportation of waste to pits and pit management. Zero Waste  Schemes for Societies or Colonies 

 

parisar explained

 

 

       

 

Our waste management schemes of composting and Bio-methanation are being run successfully at many places in 13 wards of Mumbai, including TISS, TIFR, various housing societies; Makarand Sahaniwas, Mahim;; Sea Wind, Colaba; Anushakti Nagar; Pfizer, Don Bosco and many other places. We have constructed 4 and and are maintaining 8 Nisargaruna Plants under the guidance of  Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)  for processing biodegradable waste and generating Biogas and high quality manure..

  • Our TPB will take charge of the waste in your society or colony
  • A suitable location will be chosen to prepare a waste pit
  • This pit will be common for the flats in that particular society or colony
  • The TPB will daily collect two types of waste (wet and dry) segregated by you
  • All wet waste will be taken to the pit by the TPB
  • The TPB will dispose off all dry waste
  • Pit management will involve spreading, layering, periodical shifting and adding decomposing powders
  • This pit will eventually start producing quality manure, which can be used for gardening
  • The TPBs will also undertake gardening activities if required

What Will This Lead To?

  • Valuable recyclable materials (Dry and Wet)not being wasted at the dumping grounds
  • Conversion of wet waste into compost and biogas , nature’s wealth being restored
  • Saving of transport cost and tipping fee for Local self Governments.
  • Saving of emissions due to transport, Cleaner roads, lesser pollution

 

Nisargaruna – Biogas Plant 

Nisarga Run (nature’s loan) biogas plant –Developed by Dr. Sharad Kale, Bhabha Atomic Research Center , Mumbai.

Nisarga Run (nature’s loan) biogas plant –Developed by Dr. Sharad Kale, Bhabha Atomic Research Center , Mumbai.

 

Bio methanation

Nisargaruna – Biogas Plant

 

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Output - biogas

Output – biogas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ouput - manure

Ouput – manure

 

  • Improvement over conventional gobar-gas (cow-dung) plants
  • Combination of Aerobic and Anaerobic process
  • Ideal for Municipal Solid Waste management
  • Any biodegradable waste can be processed except egg shells, coconut shells and big bones
  • Use of Solar heated water
  • Use of mixer for homogenizing waste
  • Resulting in generation of upto 85% pure methane
  • No scrubbers required to remove harmful gases
  • High quality, weed-less and odour-less organic manure helps in improving soil fertility and water retention facility
  • Zero effluents
  • Reuse of water in the process
  • Continuous generation of gas after initial commissioning period of 21 days

 

Case study

SMS has initiated the construction of two Biogas plants at Tata Institute of Social Sciences, a premiere Educational institute in Mumbai of 100kg and 500kg capacity .The larger plant has saved TISS close to 4000 kg of LPG since the plant was commissioned in December 2011 apart from providing formal employment to a former waste picker associated with PBVS. The horticulture waste generated from the ample green cover in the campus is fed to earthworms in vermicompost units set up in both campuses and the rich fertilizer produced is used to keep the flora thriving. The recyclable waste is being channelized to recyclers through a waste picker savings group that is associated with PBVS, a federation comprised of over 1500 waste pickers.

Plant has also saved Rs. 250 /-per day tipping fee and transport cost of Rs. 3 per kg. per day for MCGM apart from saving of space at dumping ground, transport cost of cylinders and other environmental benefits.

 

Activities of Parisar Vikas

  • Organizing and training women rag pickers and issuing identity cards to them
  • Helping them form waste cooperatives
  • Helping them establish self-help or micro-credit groups
  • Helping them get the right price for the dry (recyclable) waste collected
  • Imparting training to the women rag pickers in alternative skills such as gardening, vermiculture, etc.
  • Promoting health awareness and education programmes
  • Providing family counselling to distressed women
  • Developing business models for waste picker women
  • Conducting awareness sessions in schools , promoting recycling practices
  • Motivating citizens, Corporate houses and Institutions for segregation at source and adoption of Zero waste practices

Contact us at

Govandi – Mumbai
Parisar Vikas-self help groups, health and education
Urdu municipal school Compound, Ahilyabai Holkar marg,
M. Rafi nagar, Govandi, Mumbai 400043
Office Timings: Monday To Saturday, 11.30 am to 7.00 pm
Tel. no. 912265745840
Email: smspbvs@gmail.com, smspv123@gmail.com

Chembur – Mumbai
Parisar Vikas-Cooperatives and business models
Matoshree Ramabai Ambedkar,
Maternity Hospital compound,
Ramkrishna Chemburkar Marg,
Chembur, Mumbai – 400 071
Office Timings: Monday To Saturday, 11.30 am to 6.00 pm
Tel-Fax: .91 22 25297198, 22 65745837
Email :smspv123@gmail.com

 

Waste Management – A Stree Mukti Sanghatana Presentation

Nisarg Runa – Natures’ Loan – English

 

Nisarg Runa – Natures’ Loan – Hindi Version Nisarg Runa – Natures’ Loan – Marathi Version

 

 

 

 

 

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